Denizione di  force - dizionario di inglese del sito - definizione traduzione e spiegazione grammaticale

Definizione monolingua force



force (third-person singular simple present forces, present participle forcing, simple past and past participle forced)

  1. (transitive) To violate (a woman); to rape. [from 14th c.]
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, Le Morte Darthur, Book V:
      He hath murthered that mylde withoute ony mercy – he forced hir by fylth of hymself, and so aftir slytte hir unto the navyll.
    • 1603, John Florio, translating Michel de Montaigne, Essays, II.1:
      a young woman not farre from mee had headlong cast her selfe out of a high window, with intent to kill herselfe, only to avoid the ravishment of a rascally-base souldier that lay in her house, who offered to force her [...].
  2. (obsolete, reflexive, intransitive) To exert oneself, to do ones utmost. [from 14th c.]
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, Le Morte Darthur, Book XVIII:
      And I pray you for my sake to force yourselff there, that men may speke you worshyp.
  3. (transitive) To compel (someone or something) to do something. [from 15th c.]
    • 2011, Tim Webb & Fiona Harvey, The Guardian, 23 Mar 2011:
      Housebuilders had warned that the higher costs involved would have forced them to build fewer homes and priced many homebuyers out of the market.
  4. (transitive) To constrain by force; to overcome the limitations or resistance of. [from 16th c.]
    • 1603, John Florio, trans. Michel de Montaigne, Essays, I.40:
      Shall wee force the general law of nature, which in all living creatures under heaven is seene to tremble at paine?
  5. (transitive) To drive (something) by force, to propel (generally + prepositional phrase or adverb). [from 16th c.]
    • 2007, The Guardian, 4 Nov 2007:
      In a groundbreaking move, the Pentagon is compensating servicemen seriously hurt when an American tank convoy forced them off the road.
  6. (transitive) To cause to occur (despite inertia, resistance etc.); to produce through force. [from 16th c.]
    • 2009, ""All things to Althingi"", The Economist, 23 Jul 2009:
      The second problem is the economy, the shocking state of which has forced the decision to apply to the EU.
  7. (transitive) To forcibly open (a door, lock etc.). [from 17th c.]
    To force a lock.
  8. (transitive, baseball) To create an out by touching a base in advance of a runner who has no base to return to while in possession of a ball which has already touched the ground.
    • Jones forced the runner at second by stepping on the bag.

force (countable and uncountable; plural forces)

  1. (countable) Anything that is able to make a big change in a person or thing.
  2. (countable, physics) A physical quantity that denotes ability to push, pull, twist or accelerate a body which is measured in a unit dimensioned in mass × distance/time² (ML/T²): SI: newton (N); CGS: dyne (dyn)
  3. (countable) A group that aims to attack, control, or constrain.
    police force
    • 2004 April 15, “Morning swoop in hunt for Jodis killer”, The Scotsman:
      For Lothian and Borders Police, the early-morning raid had come at the end one of biggest investigations carried out by the force, which had originally presented a dossier of evidence on the murder of Jodi Jones to the Edinburgh procurator-fiscal, William Gallagher, on 25 November last year.
  4. (uncountable) The ability to attack, control, or constrain.
    show of force
  5. (countable) A magic trick in which the outcome is known to the magician beforehand, especially one involving the apparent free choice of a card by another person.
  6. (law) Legal validity.
    The law will come into force in January.
  7. (law) Either unlawful violence, as in a ""forced entry"", or lawful compulsion.

Definizione italiano>inglese force

Traduzione 'veloce'

forza |forzare |costringere |brigata |accelerare |arma |balìa |corpo militar |costrizione |effetto |energia |gruppo |impeto |imporre |obbligare |potenza |potere |scassinare |sforzare |tassare |vigente |vigore |violenza |

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